Author: Andrzej Raczkowski

Ultrasound examinations

Echocardiohraphy

Performed with Vivid™9 (General Electrics). It includes two-dimensional (2D) imaging, color doppler, continuous wave doppler, pulse doppler and tissue doppler imaging. Basic measurements and calculations are performed during examination, including left ventricular ejection fraction calculated with Simpson method. Additional analysis may be performed as post-processing in the ECHO-pack system. Data is stored as raw data (DICOM files) as well as assessment and measurements in database.

Carotid ultrasound.

Performed with Vivid™9 (General Electrics). It includes two-dimensional (2D) imaging in four sections: common cervical segment, bifurcation, internal and external cervical space in transverse and longitudinal projections. The assessment of the presence of stenoses and atherosclerotic plaques is performed in every segment of the arteries. Doppler techniques are used: Color to detect plaques with reduced echogenicity, and Pulsed-wave (PW) for the differentiation of the internal and external carotid artery, as well as for the possible assessment of the degree of internal carotid artery stenosis. Intima media thickness (IMT) is measured in post-processing on the back wall of the common carotid artery. Data is stored as raw data (DICOM files) as well as assessment and measurements in database.

Thyroid ultrasound

Performed with Vivid™9 (General Electrics). It includes thyroid lobes measurements in longitudinal and transverse projections, calculation of volume of thyroid gland, assessment echogenicity of thyroid parenchyma, assessment of vascularization with color Doppler, focal changes in thyroid gland (nodular disease). Data is stored as raw data (DICOM files) as well as assessment and measurements in database.

Liver and gall bladder ultrasound

Performed with Vivid™9 (General Electrics). It includes standard measurements of the liver, assessment of structure and echogenicity in longitudinal and transverse sections. Any focal changes are reported. Gall bladder and bile ducts are checked for deposits, seize and thickening of the walls. Data is stored as raw data (DICOM files) as well as assessment and measurements in database.